This modification is a post synthesis NHS conjugation to a primary amino group thus an additional modification with an amino group is required. A C6 or C12 amino group can be placed at the 5' or for the 3' end a C3 or C7 amino and for internal positions an amino modified base is used, e.g Amino dT C6.
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Cyclooctyne-based modifications offers the ease of copper-free click reagents. These are simple to use and has excellenet click performance in 17 hours or less at room temperature. Gene Link offers 5'-DBCO-TEG for preparing oligos with 5’-DBCO and a 15 tom triethylene glycol spacer arm, DBCO-dT for inserting a DBCO group at any position within the oligonucleotide and DBCO-sulfo-NHS Ester is also offered for post-synthesis conjugation reactions. DBCO-modified oligos may be conjugated with azides in organic solvents, such as DMSO, or aqeous buffers. Depending on the azide used, the reaction will go to completion in 4-17 hours at room temperature.